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How to Protect Your Skin from Sun Exposure?

Too much sun exposure will do damage to your skin. The heat from the sun will cause the skin to decrease its supply of natural lubricating oils, even getting dry. In addition to being dry, the sun’s UV radiation can lead to burning and change in the structure of the skin if it is being exposed to the sun for a long-term. There are several kinds of sun damage to the skin and the treatment depends on the particular type.

When the skin is exposed to direct sunlight for long periods of time, it loses moisture and essential oils, resulting in visibly dry and flaky. This can also lead to premature aging of the skin and even wrinkles in young people. Exposure to UV rays can lead to get sunburnt, which can cause a slightly painful reddening of the skin, but in severe cases, tiny vesicles or fluid-filled bumps. Actinic keratosis is a very small bump that feels as rough as sandpaper. It can also be a small scale on the skin that appears pink, yellow, red, or brownish when it is damaged by the sun. Actinic keratosis occurs in specific areas of the skin that have been repeatedly exposed to the sun’s ultraviolet rays, but can also be caused by prolonged exposure. About 10 to 15 percent of cases later develop squamous cell skin cancers, which require immediate treatment. 

Skin and overall health differ on the sun exposure level, age, skin type, and other factors. In general, lighter skin tones are more delicate, so sun damage to these types of the skin are more serious. Dry skin is also more vulnerable because it lacks moisture.

The treatment for dry skin is as simple as using a good moisturizer that contains one or more of the following ingredients: urea, glycerin, sorbitol, lactic acid, alpha-hydroxyl acids, and pyro glutamic acid. Also, remember to wash your skin only with warm or cool water, and use unscented soap that is high in fat or glycerin. If you get sunburn and feel painful, it’s best to apply cool compresses and wet cloth to the injured area of the skin. You can also use a cool water spray to mist it. If the pain persists, over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen or aspirin can be used to treat the pain. For large areas of sunburn with blistering, consult your doctor for stronger anti-inflammatory drugs.

Sunburn can cause permanent cosmetic problems. In addition, long-term exposure to the sun increases the risk of developing skin cancer. Therefore, the less time a person is exposed to the sun, the lesser the risk of skin cancer. It’s important to apply sunscreen all year round, not just during the summer, and when you use safe sun practices, you prevent risk. The best way to avoid sun damage is to use protection including hats, sunglasses, clothes and sunscreen if you really have to go out in the summer. A nice bucket hat can get twice the result with half the effort. It effectively blocks UV rays from reaching your skin.